The fact that LED lamps contain no filaments actually makes them more resistant to vibrations and impact than traditional metal halide lamps. This is a crucial consideration for the construction and mining industries, which naturally demand that its equipment must be durable enough to survive harsh working conditions. But, it is not only the bulbs themselves that must be robust; the housing must be tough too. Look for LED lamps that are contained in shock-proof housing and offer ingress protection against dirt and other particles. Transportation is another factor to consider, since this is typically when breakages can occur. It is not just the LED lamp itself, but the whole unit that must fold down into a compact form that is capable of withstanding the pressures of being moved across and between sites.
It is impossible to simply fit an LED lamp into a standard light tower. The design of effective LED light towers involves paying attention to the lenses, and the optics they contain. These have a major influence on the quality and distribution of light, as well as reducing glare that can cause distraction and eye strain. It is worth remembering the fundamental reason for deploying light towers: good visibility that can improve productivity and safety during the hours of darkness or in bad weather. In recent years, there have been significant improvements in LED production, resulting in lamps that can produce exceptionally bright light. For instance, glare-free varieties that reduce eye strain are now available that can help enhance worker performance while improving their safety. Crucially, improved illumination can also facilitate a reduction in the number of accidents and injuries caused by lack of visibility on work sites.
Historically, one of the barriers to increased adoption of LED technology has been the relatively high upfront cost, compared with conventional light sources. This is due to the complexities of developing and manufacturing LED lamps. However, the rising popularity of LED has the benefit of bringing down the cost in many regions. Once regarded as an ‘elite’ technology, LED is becoming increasingly affordable. At the same time, it is important to look at the total cost of ownership. The potential energy efficiency gains are impressive. Depending on the particular product and the way it is deployed and operated it is not uncommon to see running costs reduce by 50 per cent. On large sites with multiple light towers, the long-term savings are difficult to ignore. Similarly, the longer lifespan of LED lamps reduces the regularity and cost of replacements and maintenance. It is vital to look at the bigger picture. Furthermore, LED lighting towers are now being developed with fuel efficient power packs, which can deliver up to 2700 W. This ensures regulation of performance in any kind of temperature and altitude, and means the light tower’s engine can work more efficiently; reducing fuel consumption by an average of 60 per cent in certain applications.
One of the most confusing aspects of LED lighting is that its power and output is classified in a different way to its predecessors. Where wattage was always the measure of output, lux is the more accurate indicator now. This is because LED can produce the same or greater output with a far lower wattage. A high-quality light tower should be capable of illuminating a 5.000 sq. m area with an average light level of 20 lux, using four lamps of 350 Watts each. To put that into context, the best metal halide light tower, comprising four lamps of 1,000 Watts each, would illuminate an area of only 4.000 sq. m. In terms of power usage, the metal halide example would require a 6.000W power pack, while the LED may only need 2.700 W of net power, resulting in dramatic reductions in fuel consumption. With the latest LED advances, it is possible to achieve fuel consumption of around 0.5 litres per hour. The light coverage area, average lux and power requirements of the engine are three of the most important specifications to look at when selecting a light tower. Another key factor to consider when assessing a light tower is its Colour Rendering Index (CRI). LED lamps have a high CRI score, with some LED light towers on the market providing a CRI of >85 (out of 100); which is close to natural light sources. This is essential to guarantee the correct tone of light that will enhance comfort and safety.
The extended lifespan of LED lamps, compared with conventional light sources, is one of their biggest advantages. The expected lifetime of LED lamps under heavy duty use exceed 30.000 hours, equivalent to approximately 10 years. In comparison, a metal halide bulb tends to have a maximum lifespan of 6.000 hours, which is reduced even further under heavy duty operation. A luminaire is considered to have failed at the point in time when the lumen value has depreciated to 70 per cent of the initial lumen value. Therefore, the ‘practical life’ is defined as the period of time between the LED first being activated and the point at which its output falls below 70 percent of its initial output. Buyers should always request evidence of an LED’s lifespan, which any reputable manufacturer will be able to provide. The tough conditions that light towers will experience in construction and mining applications make durability a key concern. One of the lesser known advantages of LED lighting is that it is less sensitive to temperature variations than many of its forebears. For example, hot and humid conditions do not affect the operation of LED in the same way they might affect a metal halide luminaire. Similarly, LEDs can operate fault-free in low temperatures too.
Having become commonplace in homes and offices, LED lighting is now spreading to construction, mining sites and event applications around the world.
By fine-tuning the technology, leading manufacturers have made LED lighting more versatile, accessible and effective for numerous applications. Unfortunately, the LED revolution has brought with it a swathe of low-quality entrants into the market, who over-promise on the performance of their products and under-deliver in practice. Given these circumstances, it is no surprise that a certain amount of confusion has arisen among buyers.
The most important recommendation is to look for reputable manufacturers who have invested in refining and improving all aspects of LED technology to provide customers with tried and tested solutions.