Consigli utili per l'utilizzo delle punte per trapano

Utilizzare una punta non è assolutamente difficile come sembra. Questo articolo riassume gli aspetti più comuni da prendere in considerazione prima di iniziare a utilizzare le punte per trapano.

10 settembre 2018

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Always drill with sharp bits! This cannot be overemphazised, high quality bits and a good bit grinding equipment can make you save energy and time.

The right point can reduce the feed force by 30%. The less force you have to use to press the bit against the workpiece, the easier it is to steer the drill. Thus, the hole is straight and round. Bearing in mind, always use split point bits or thinned web bits.

Drilling Guide

Predrill the large holes. When the hole diameter is higher than 5-6 mm in steel the feed force necessary starts to exceed that which can be obtained with handheld drilling. More than 70% of the feed force is consumed at the chisel edge. If you predrill with smaller bit diameter than the final one you can reduce the feed force just as much. Very large holes can be predrilled in several stages.

Locate the hole in the exact place. When you start drilling, the bit easily slips out of position, specially if you are using bits with a chisel edge. Thereby, you can avoid it by using split-point or web thinning bits, marking the center with a center punch or using a drill that can be creep-started. You can also use templates, a helpful way when several holes are to be positioned in specific places in relation to one another.

When drilling through two parts simultaneously, keep them fixed together. This is very common when using handheld drills. For the large and heavy structure it may be a good idea to secure the parts together with a bolt or screw in the first hole before the other holes are drilled.

Again about predrilling… About 70% of the feed force is consumed in getting the chisel edge (the first bit part to be drilled) to work its way through the material. Consequently, as soon as the point has made its way through, the penetration process becomes much easier and the bit can pass through quickly, what means that it probably will not have time to cut the hole cleanly. And the bit jams. Avoid this problem by predrilling.

Drilling deep holes. When the lengh of the hole is 5x bigger than the bit diameter, the bit must be withdrawn at regular intervals for chip removal. This procedure must be repeated as frequently as the hole gets deeper. Dip the bit in oil or water to cool it.

Get quality for your hole. Basically, the quality is related to roundness/straightness, angular trueness and burrs on the back of the hole. You can get better quality holes by choosing the right type of drill. It’s also important to have a perpendicular angle to the work surface to have a right-angled hole. You can also avoid burrs on the back of the hole by drilling against an underlay and making sure that the bit is sharp.

Crosswise holes in shafts and pipes. Mark up the hole with a center punch

Grinding guide

Fissare saldamente il pezzo in lavorazione in una posizione che garantisca una buona postura di lavoro e un facile allineamento della punta.
Si consiglia inoltre di utilizzare una morsa che guidi la punta affinché sia dritta attraverso il diametro del cilindro.

Drilling Guide

Fori inclinati. Iniziare la perforazione realizzando una cavità servendosi di una punta di diametro doppio rispetto al diametro del foro inclinato. Questo fornisce un buon punto di partenza da cui praticare il foro inclinato.

Le conoscenze giuste rendono più semplice il lavoro.