#### Applicable Standards and Regulations in the Compressor Industry

In the compressed air sector, as in many other industrial sectors, regulations apply. Learn more about them here.

Any physical quantity is the product of a numerical value and a unit. Since 1964, the International System of Units (SI system) has gradually been adopted worldwide, with the exception of Liberia, Myanmar and the United States.

Basic information can be found in standard ISO 31, which is under revision and will be superseded by ISO/IEC 80000: *Quantities and Units*. Units are divided into four different classes :

- Base units
- Supplementary units
- Derived units
- Additional units

Base units, supplementary units and derived units are called SI units. The additional units are not SI units, although they are accepted for use with SI units. Base units are any of the established, independent units in which all other units can be expressed.

Length |
meter |
m |

Mass kilogram |
kilogram |
kg |

Time |
second |
s |

Electrical current |
ampere |
A |

Temperature |
kelvin |
K |

Luminous intensity |
candela |
cd |

Amount of substance |
mole |
mol |

Derived units are formed as a power or product of powers of one or more base units and/or supplementary units according to the physical laws for the relationship between these different units.

Additional units: A limited number of units outside the SI system cannot be eliminated for different reasons, and continue to be used along with the SI as additional units.

Quantity |
Unit |
Symbol |
Expressed in other SI units |

frequency |
hertz |
Hz |
s^-1 |

force |
newton |
N |
kg x m x s^-2 |

pressure / mechanical stress |
pascal |
Pa |
N / m² |

energy / work |
joule |
J |
N x m |

power |
watt |
W |
J / s |

electric quantity / charge |
coulomb |
C |
A x s |

electric voltage |
volt |
V |
W / A |

capacitance |
farad |
F |
C / V |

resistance |
ohm |
Ω |
V / A |

conductivity |
siemens |
S |
A / V |

magnetic flux |
weber |
Wb |
V x s |

magnetic flux density |
tesla |
T |
Wb / m² |

inductance |
henry |
H |
Wb / A |

luminous flux |
lumen |
lm |
Cd x sr |

light |
lux |
lx |
Lm / m² |

angle |
radian |
rad |
m / m |

solid angle |
steradian |
sr |
m² / m² |

Quantity |
Unit |
Symbol |
Remark |

volume |
liter |
l |
1 l = 1 dm³ |

time |
minute |
min |
1 min = 60 s |

time |
hour |
h |
1 h = 60 min |

mass |
metric ton |
t |
1 t = 1.000 kg |

pressure |
bar |
bar |
1 bar = 105 Pa |

plane angle |
degree |
.° |
1° = π/180 rad |

plane angle |
minute |
.' |
1' = 1°/60 |

plane angle |
second |
." |
1" = 1'/60 |

Prefixes may be added to a unit to produce a multiple of the original unit. All of these multiples are integer powers of ten, for example:

kilo-denotes a multiple of thousand (10³)

milli-denotes a multiple of one thousandth (10-3)

Power |
Prefix Designation |
Prefix Symbol |
Example |
Symbol |

1012 |
tera |
T |
1 terajoule |
1 TJ |

109 |
giga |
G |
1 gigahertz |
1 GHz |

106 |
mega |
M |
1 megawatt |
1 MW |

103 |
kilo |
k |
1 kilometer |
1 km |

102 |
hecto |
h |
1 hectoliter |
1 hl |

101 |
deca |
da |
1 decalumen |
1 dalm |

10-1 |
deci |
d |
1 decibel |
1 dB |

10-2 |
centi |
c |
1 centimeter |
1 cm |

10-3 |
milli |
m |
1 milligram |
1 mg |

10-6 |
micro |
µ |
1 micrometer |
1 µm |

10-9 |
nano |
N |
1 nanohenry |
1 nH |

10-12 |
pico |
p |
1 picofarad |
1 pF |

10-15 |
femto |
f |
1 femtometer |
1 fm |

10-18 |
atto |
a |
1 attosecond |
1 as |

In the compressed air sector, as in many other industrial sectors, regulations apply. Learn more about them here.

To understand the workings of compressed air, a basic introduction to physics can come a long way. We define the different physical units for measuring pressure, temperature and thermal capacity. Learn more.

To understand the workings of compressed air, a basic introduction to physics can come a long way. Let us take a look at the physical units for measuring work, power and volume rate of flow. Learn more.